Discover the top 7 Linux distributions that you need to know. Explore a variety of operating systems tailored to meet your needs. From Ubuntu to Fedora, this guide highlights the best Linux distributions for your consideration. Explore the world of open-source software and find the perfect Linux OS for your next project.
Discover 7 must-have and best operating systems on Linux!
Like Microsoft Windows or macOS, Linux is an operating system that allows the execution of applications on a computer station (terminal or server). His particularity? Linux works in open source, under the GNU license, and has many distributions. We take stock!
Linux Distributions: 7 Operating Systems You Should Know
What is a Linux distribution?
A Linux distribution is a coherent set of software assembled under the Linux/GNU kernel and forming an operating system. We speak of “distribution” about the English term “software distribution” (collection of software).
There are many Linux distributions, and each has its way of working and meets various objectives. Some distributions allow simple network monitoring or a cloud maintenance service, while others offer great possibilities for managing applications as well as a very advanced graphical environment.
Linux distributions to know
Created in 1993 and supported by many volunteer developers, Debian is one of the oldest Linux/GNU kernel operating systems. Each Debian version bears the name of a Toy Story character (Slink, Potato, Woodie…).
Debian’s particularity lies in the fact that all of the software integrated into it is open source.
Ubuntu is one of the best-known Linux operating systems. This is based on the Debian GNU/Linux distribution and is free and open source. It is recognized for its great stability as well as ease of access, including for the uninformed. Thus, Ubuntu represents an ideal operating system when starting on Linux.
3. Linux Mint
Created in 2006, the Linux Mint distribution is based on Ubuntu. It is free, easy to use, and integrates open-source software such as LibreOffice, Thunderbird, Blender, or GIMP. Another advantage: Mint offers a modern and pleasant to-use desktop environment.
4. Elementary OS
ElementaryOS is an Ubuntu-based distribution, which displays a design similar to Apple’s operating system. This distribution is aimed more at beginners than at experienced users, as it includes many limitations (poor application center, rigidity in specific executions, etc.).
Fedora is a mainstream, community-based Linux distribution. Its advantage: emphasizing novelty. Indeed, the operating system’s software is regularly updated, and Fedora embeds the most advanced Linux technologies. This distribution represents an interesting alternative to Ubuntu and Mint and is particularly practical for all tasks related to productivity and development.
Are you a fan of customization? The Manjaro distribution will seduce you. Thanks to its community repository, this Arch Linux-based operating system offers wide access to thousands of software. Manjaro offers different desktop environments that allow you to switch, in a few clicks, from a macOS aspect to Windows, according to your preferences. Another particularity: Manjaro works in rolling release, which means that updates are carried out continuously.
More advanced than the environments for beginners, this operating system will suit intermediate Linux users, who wish to improve their skills.
7. OpenSUSE Leap
OpenSUSE Leap is an independent distribution mainly sponsored by the German company SUSE. This distro is suitable for both personal and professional use. It is generally used on servers because it is known for its stability and the efficiency of its configuration tools.